Chemical elements
  Praseodymium
    Isotopes
    Energy
    Production
    Application
    Chemical properties
      Praseodymium fluoride
      Praseodymium chloride
      Praseodymium oxychloride
      Praseodymium bromide
      Praseodymium iodide
      Praseodymium bromate
      Praseodymium sesquioxide
      Praseodymia
      Praseodymium hydroxide
      Praseodymium dioxide
      Praseodymium sulphide
      Praseodymium sulphate
      Praseodymium dithionate
      Praseodymium selenite
      Praseodymium selenate
      Praseodymium tungstate
      Praseodymium nitride
      Praseodymium nitrate
      Praseodymium carbide
      Praseodymium carbonate
      Praseodymium ethylsulphate
      Praseodymium acetylacetonate
      Praseodymium oxalate
    PDB 1k0z-4flb

Praseodymium dioxide, PrO2






Praseodymium dioxide, PrO2, may be prepared by heating the nitrate to 440° or by fusing the nitrate with nitre at 400° until decomposition is complete. It is a black solid of density 5.978 at 20°. According to Brauner, the pure oxide is not of the hydrogen peroxide type, but contains quadrivalent praseodymium. It sets free chlorine from hydrochloric acid, iodine from hydriodic acid, and ozonised oxygen with oxyacids, it oxidises cerous salts from ceric, manganous salts to permanganic acid, and gives a violet coloration with a solution of strychnine in sulphuric acid. It is reduced by hydrogen peroxide in acid solution. It oxidises ferrous and stannous salts, but a part of the available oxygen is always lost (von Scheele).

When praseodymium hydroxide, carbonate, nitrate, oxalate, etc., are heated, dark brown oxide residues are obtained which are intermediate in composition between Pr2O3 and PrO2, and which contain less oxygen in proportion as the temperature at which they are produced increases. Intermediate oxides of the formulae Pr4O7, Pr5O9, and Pr6O11 have been described, but their individuality is doubtful. Brauner considers the oxide Pr5O9 to be a complex oxide formed by the combination of Pr9O3 with PrO2 (Pr5O9 = Pr2O3.3PrO2).

The formation of praseodymium dioxide in a mixture of cerium earths is favourably influenced by the presence of ceria, which probably acts as an oxygen-carrier, but is adversely affected by the presence of lanthana or neodymia.


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